"In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth."
Philosophers have long debated the nature of knowledge. Can we really know anything? They wonder...
The practicalities of science dictate we have to work with what we have.
Science can only work with things we perceive. That's all we have to work with. So we must assume that is good enough to unlock the secrets of reality. If reality fundamentally consisted of things we could not perceive then science would be in vain.
But what things can we truly know? What foundation can we build our edifice of science on?
We ideally want to be building our castle of knowledge on firm bedrock, not on shifting sand, or swampy-marsh...
Currently physical-science is founded on the principle that matter is the fundamental building-block of nature. It seems a reasonable hypothesis, but we can't prove it. So science is built (at least in part) on the swampy-marsh of an assumption. And it may be sinking...
What else could we build our science on? Ideally we'd have something we could know for sure. Building science on an assumption is dangerous, in the sense that many brilliant people's lifetimes may be wasted chasing red-herrings down rabbit-holes. It could be a terrible waste of human-resources, if nothing else.
There is one thing you can know 100% is true, for yourself, without having to read any books. Although you might have to spend some time thinking about it, and that is this:
All fundamental concepts are dualities.
- Light/dark, hot/cold, male/female, near/far, big/small, hard/soft, spirit/matter, and so on...
The recognition of this principle is strangely absent from western-thought. Could it be the proper-foundation we're lacking? Could we build science on this principle, instead of the 'matter' assumption?
Science is knowledge, and it's gained by observation and reason, and you and I are observers. What framework of knowledge can we use to interpret our observations? What can we know with 100% certainty?
As a human being, you can know for 100% sure:
- You exist, and you perceive things through your senses, and through your mind/intelligence.
- All fundamental measures by which you perceive things are dualities.
A duality is one-dimensional relationship. Like a string with the opposites at each end, with a line of variation between the two. The fundamental units of physics are 1D dualities: Space - which is distance, and Time - which is change.
Along with the perceptions you have, This is something you can personally know as a human. So it is obviously important to consider this phenomenon of duality. First, of course, you have to be sure yourself that this makes sense in your own mind. You have to consider the possibility that, yes, all fundamental concepts are dualities.
Your perceptions, indeed perception itself relies on the existence of duality. Perception requires both observer and observed.
The Dao / Tao / Two
Tao simply means two. They are called Yin & Yang in the east, Yoni & Lingham in India, Heaven and Earth in the west, and many other names.
It is the thesis of this website that the Dao is real. It is in fact more real than you or I because it exists at a higher level of reality, closer to the creator, which is the most-real-thing. This is all explained as we proceed...
It is also my contention that recognition of the Dao was universal across the west, until relatively recently.
I would also contend that the loss of the concept of the Dao in the west has crippled philosophical and scientific progress.
The Dao, Yang & Yin, are the fundamental substance of reality, not matter, and they are a one-dimensional relationship. They are a 1D string which links everything that exists, thus they define that a form of "string-theory" is the true solution to physics, but modern string-theory has it all wrong in the number of dimensions they have. Strings have only one dimension.
Relationship is the fundamental substance of reality.
Yin and Yang have no independent existence, they are complementary to each other, and only have reality in relation to each other. They are not 'things', they are a relationship. They are every relationship that exists, in matter, or in spirit.
Yin & Yang have opposite characteristics, they are a mirror image of each other. Their characteristics are well-defined, and they do not change. The Dao is not physical, it is spiritual, it is a concept, an idea. We are all thoughts in the mind of God.
Provider and Receiver
Yang, the masculine principle, provides, Yin, the feminine principle, receives.
Yang is active, Yin is passive. This is perhaps the gateway-concept into the Dao that is most helpful...
The word 'god' is sometimes used to denote the provider/Yang in a relationship in literature, and it is in this context we should consider the ultimate creator. The (capital G) God of monism is the one unified creator of all, and thus can be considered under this logic as the 'Great Yang', where creation is the 'Great Yin'.
This dualistic relationship defines nature. It is the primary principle by which reality is manifest. For there to be a reality as we understand it, there must be separation between things. There must be the observer and the observed...
Yin and Yang are thus the prime-deities of nature.
Cause and Effect
Science is the study of nature, and nature operates by cause-and-effect. Cause is Yang (active), Effect is Yin (passive).
Science itself could be defined as "the study of causes and effects".
Every scientific paper ever published is concerned with causes and effects.
Cause and effect is not an 'emergent property' of reality, it is an intrinsic part of it, and without it reality could not exist. It applies in every single interaction between every object in the universe. Thus it should be thought of as existing at a higher-level of reality. And as we shall see, reality breaks down into clear and well defined levels.
Cause and effect is part of a super-reality that our reality relies upon. Thus it is more real than our reality, not less.
The existence of matter relies on the existence of concepts such as subject/object, near/far, big/small. It couldn't exist without them. But the concepts could exist without matter, therefore the concept must precede the object.
You can have a plan without a house, but you can't have a house without a plan.
Dao = Tao = Two = Duo = Dual = Dios = Days = Deity = Deuce = Zeus
The Dao is embedded in western language, even though we perhaps don't realise it. The word for God (Deus / Zeus) means Two.
The word 'Day' means two - because a day comes in two parts: Day and Not-Day, 'Night' (Egyptian goddess Nut/Night). Thus the origin of the word 'night' could be 'not', or vice versa. Night is the negation of day, as Yin is to Yang.
To me, this seems compelling evidence that knowledge of the Dao was part of westen thought in relatively recent times, and also that there was a world-wide culture at some point in the past. Some independent researchers are now pointing toward the empire of Great Tartaria as being the most likely & most recent possibility of a world-spanning high-civilisation.
The Properties Of Yin & Yang
All foundational concepts are dualities which can be categorised into Yin/Yang.
Once something has been identified as Yin (e.g.) in a particular relationship, then it will have ALL of the properties of Yin in that relationship, they come as a whole.
This gives us the ability to make predictions. By knowing what part of the relationship a thing takes, we can predict how it will behave.
Click here for a list of properties of Yin & Yang (opens a new tab).
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